READINGS: Exodus 20:1-6; Isaiah 6:1-5; Matthew 6:5-9;
We spoke last week about intimacy – that close relationship Jesus had with his Father so that he could call him “Abba” – and how the Holy Spirit works in us so that we too can say “Abba, Father”. We talked about prayer – how important it is – because relationships require communication.
You know my favourite story about communication. A couple before a divorce court – and the judge wanted to know what the problem was. She complained that he seldom told her that he loved her. “Why not” said the judge. “It seems to me you do love your wife”. “Oh I can explain that” said the old codger. “When we were married I told her that I loved her – and I said to her that if I ever changed my mind, I would let her know”.
Women need to hear these things – and men need to say them. That’s free marriage advice today.
Our relationship with God requires communication. But as we made it clear last week, it’s not all about our wants – our shopping list prayers. It is a relationship that involves communication about Him. We need to tell God how much we love Him. How we feel about Him – and praise Him.
- We are children of a Father.
- But he is also the Heavenly Holy God.
Matthew emphasizes that – probably because of his Jewish audience. That positioning of God high above us together with the next line of the prayer create the other side of the swinging pendulum – the contrast.
This is a loving intimate Father – yes – but he is a heavenly – distant – and holy God.
Remember that the first petition of the prayer is “hallowed be thy name”.
You may remember last week that passage from Isaiah where the prophet prays that God would tear open the heavens and come down. In next verse he prays that God would come down and make his name known to his enemies and the nations.
The name of God for people of the Old Testament was revered – as someone pointed out during our discussions on the Lord’s Prayer – it’s held in great esteem as holy.
In itself it was unpronounceable. Too Holy to come out of the human mouth.
That’s why to this day orthodox Judaism uses the term HASHEM for God – meaning “the name” instead of Yahweh or Jehovah, the “I am” name revealed to Moses at the burning bush. Or “Adonai” meaning Lord. (“Jehovah” of course is the result of putting the vowels for Adonai over the word YHWH – the I am name.)
So the Lord’s prayer is in line with Jewish thought. God is above all others and all else – in heaven – and his name is to be hallowed.
Like a human father, there is the contrast.
One the one side there is this love for a child – wanting the very best for them – and on the other there is this disciplinarian who holds up super high standards for the children, and draws lines in the sand – forbids things and warns of consequences. And punishes in the hope that behaviour will change.
- On the one hand our human father is the dad who says Yes and spoils us. That’s grace and love. He wants us to do well.
- On the other hand, he is the dad who says No and punishes us. That’s about consequences. Standards. Rules. Values. The family name.
The child who knows how much her dad loves her, knows how angry he will become if she makes bad decisions that damage her.
God the Father is also the Holy God of judgement who loves us but hates evil – it’s a similar contrast.
And so we are to “hallow” God’s name – to honour and revere it.
- It’s really about adoration and praise.
- To honour his name is to give him the credit for who he is and what he has done.
- To focus on God rather than all other things.
Here’s the test question: What preoccupies you when you are in thought – wrestling with the things of life?
Tim Keller suggests this: what is always on your mind – that’s usually what you adore – what you love the most.
I was listening to a Brazilian Olympic athlete last night talking about her passion for running. How she thinks about it all the time. How it’s on her mind at night when she lies awake. She came from a very poor part of Rio. This is her passion.
The big question to answer today is about your passion – Is it God?
To hallow God’s name is to treat it as sacred and ultimate. There is no other word in English. We still use a very old English word.
This is about the most important, crucial, central thing in your life.
Keller talks about the “supreme beauty” in your life. For me it would be your greatest love.
- If God is all that to you, then you will be thinking about Him and his glory in your prayer time in your inner chamber.
- And during your spare time during the day.
- And when you lie on your bed at night. Reminds me of Psalm 63.
You see it in the life of David – a man after God’s own heart. In Psalm 63 for example:
Psa 63:1 A psalm of David. When he was in the Desert of Judah. O God, you are my God, earnestly I seek you; my soul thirsts for you, my body longs for you, in a dry and weary land where there is no water.
Psa 63:2 I have seen you in the sanctuary and beheld your power and your glory. Psa 63:3 Because your love is better than life, my lips will glorify you. Psa 63:4 I will praise you as long as I live, and in your name I will lift up my hands. Psa 63:5 My soul will be satisfied as with the richest of foods; with singing lips my mouth will praise you.
Psa 63:6 On my bed I remember you; I think of you through the watches of the night. Psa 63:7 Because you are my help, I sing in the shadow of your wings.
- What you do in secret tells you who your God is. It was William Temple who wrote – your religion is what you do in solitude.
- The primacy of praising and honouring God frames everything we do.
- What we day-dream about also speaks about who our God is.
And this loving Father who is also Holy and just is everything to us.
- Our Father – so merciful – look how low he comes, look at his compassion and love, how he wants my best, and yearns for my happiness.
- Who art in heaven – look how high he is – look at his glory – his majesty and holiness – his power – and his wrath against evil.
Like a pendulum – it swings as much both ways – the more you see his love – the more you see his greatness!
Tim Keller also says this – listen carefully to this:
- His fatherliness makes his heavenliness non-intimidating.
- His heavenliness makes his fatherliness not just comforting but absolutely liberating – he is all powerful to keep his promises.
It puts it all into perspective: Exo 20:3 “You shall have no other gods before me.
And then the idols – those substitutes: Exo 20:4 “You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. Exo 20:5 You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, Exo 20:6 but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments.
And then the honour of His name: Exo 20:7 “You shall not misuse the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.
You can understand Isaiah then facing this vision of angels declaring, worshiping, honouring this holy, holy, holy God, declaring this in his prophecy:
Isa 6:5 “Woe to me!” I cried. “I am ruined! For I am a man of unclean lips, and I live among a people of unclean lips, and my eyes have seen the King, the LORD Almighty.”
His life is polluted by the rebellion of God’s people – compared to this holy God he is vile and polluted. But when you read on – he is cleansed and commissioned.
So are we. Not through a live coal but by the cross – the blood of Christ – his taking on himself as the lamb of God – our sins – and giving us the gift of righteousness and the right to be called his beloved children.
- Let’s really honour His name in our lives.
- Let’s give him the praise and glory and worship and honour that His due his wonderful name.
“Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be Thy name!”
Readings: Isaiah 64:1-8; Galatians 4:6-7; Matthew 6:5-9;
How are you when it comes to intimacy? I’ve been reflecting on the word, and how different people see things differently when it comes to matchmaking. You get these programs on TV where people who don’t know each other are married off – and you wait to see whether the marriage will survive. There’s another program where they try to find the farmer a wife. Reminds me of the kids’ song we used to sing?
“The farmer in the dell.” It has a second verse: “The farmer takes a wife (x2) – Hey-ho the derry-o the farmer takes a wife.” You may remember the verses. Farmer – wife- child – nurse – cow- dog – cat – mouse – cheese – the cheese stands alone at the end. It originated in Germany for what it’s worth.
It reminds me of the classic story about a farmer who was single and wanted a wife. The farmer put an ad in a newspaper that read: “Man, 35, wants woman about 25 with tractor. Send picture of tractor.”
Problem with intimacy it seems? Rather business like. Cerebral perhaps – all about thinking and planning and rationalising things. If I could just get a new tractor… Let me think…
Presbyterians are historically a rather cerebral lot. Intellect is really important. That’s why ministers are often trained to a level that defies common sense. University faculties sometimes get people thinking right out of their faith. But you can understand the commitment to training and knowledge. And nobody wants to base their faith on feelings.
You can’t base your marriage on feelings either. Yes I’m married, no I’m not… Best get the marriage certificate out as it states a fact!
Feelings and emotions change too much.
Intimacy is a little different though. It’s not necessarily driven by emotion – there is emotion involved but at its heart – I think – there is certainty and trust. A sense of safety and warm connection.
It’s right there in Jesus’ prayer life – in the calling of God “Father” or “Abba” which is almost like daddy. Most of the time its “Father”. Especially in John’s gospel where he uses the phrase repetitively.
And “Abba” – which twice is referred to in relationship to the Holy Spirit by Paul (in Galatians 4:6 which we read and the well-known Romans 8:15) – is used specifically by Jesus in Mark 14:36 when he prays in Gethsemane. At the toughest time of trial – he calls on Abba.
That has to be one of the most intimate prayer moments – facing the cup of suffering.You need to be close to God in a crisis!
When Jesus teaches his disciples to pray – it begins with “Father” or “Our Father”. You saw the differences between Luke and Matthew’s record of this two weeks ago when we looked at the Lord’s prayer.
The idea of God as Father is not entirely new in the New Testament.
It does crop up in the Old Testament occasionally.
Isaiah 64 is a great example which we heard today.
It’s a famous passage used in prayers for revival and sermons about revival. That desire for God to really move in power to stir people up to repentance, faith and spiritual fervour and commitment.
Listen again: Isa 64:1 Oh, that you would rend the heavens and come down, that the mountains would tremble before you! Isa 64:2 As when fire sets twigs ablaze and causes water to boil, come down to make your name known to your enemies and cause the nations to quake before you!
What is the prophet seeking? The presence and power of God. He prays that God would tear open the heavens and come down and shake things up on earth.
In verse two he prays that God would come down and make his name known to enemies and nations.
And while Isaiah wrestles with this desire for God to tear open the heavens and make his presence and his name known, he recognises that it had happened before. Look at verse 3:
Isa 64:3 For when you did awesome things that we did not expect, you came down, and the mountains trembled before you.
And then there’s this wonderful expression of faith and hope: Isa 64:4 Since ancient times no one has heard, no ear has perceived, no eye has seen any God besides you, who acts on behalf of those who wait for him.
Ring any bells? Paul quotes and expands this amazing passage in 1 Corinthians 2 where he writes in verses 9 and 10: 1Co 2:9 However, as it is written: “No eye has seen, no ear has heard, no mind has conceived what God has prepared for those who love him”—1Co 2:10 but God has revealed it to us by his Spirit. The Spirit searches all things, even the deep things of God.
Again it’s the work of the Holy Spirit who makes these things known to us.
There is a beauty and an intimacy in this expression of God’s love and promise for those who love him. What he has in store for us is beyond expectation entirely.
Paul captures some of this expectation in his doxology in Ephesians 3:
Eph 3:20 Now to him who is able to do immeasurably more than all we ask or imagine, according to his power that is at work within us, Eph 3:21 to him be glory in the church and in Christ Jesus throughout all generations, for ever and ever! Amen.
The stumbling block in Isaiah’s time is the sin that separates people from God. He continues to wrestle with this in the next three verses:
Isa 64:5 You come to the help of those who gladly do right, who remember your ways. But when we continued to sin against them, you were angry. How then can we be saved? Isa 64:6 All of us have become like one who is unclean, and all our righteous acts are like filthy rags; we all shrivel up like a leaf, and like the wind our sins sweep us away. Isa 64:7 No one calls on your name or strives to lay hold of you; for you have hidden your face from us and made us waste away because of our sins.
A brother of mine walked into my office the other day – concerned that we might become over-confident in our own righteousness – rather than the imputed righteousness of Christ – and dumped a gift on my desk. Guess what it was? A really filthy rag. I think he had Isaiah 64:6 in mind.
HERE’S A QUESTION:
Are you not troubled today by the excess of sin and shameful behaviour in the world, the flagrant disregard for truth and justice?
Of course the difference is that Isaiah is praying about the people of God – who should have known better. There was a remnant seeking Him of course.
So – there is always hope. The passage ends with this beautiful line:
Isa 64:8 Yet, O LORD, you are our Father. We are the clay, you are the potter; we are all the work of your hand.
So God as Father is not a new idea that Jesus invents.
But he does own it. And particularly in John’s gospel where there are more than a hundred occurrences.
SO WHAT DO WE DO WITH THIS?
Following Jesus, knowing God as Father is really fundamental to our faith.
Some helpful suggestions.
- Don’t get your idea or picture of God muddied by any bad experience you may have had of a human father.
It’s a different thing. This is the Holy Father who is just, and has our best interests at heart.
When we let our image of a failed earthly father cloud our view of our Heavenly Father’s love and faithfulness, it can be a deception of the devil to blind us to the reality of this heavenly Father’s love and care for us. The devil is the father of lies remember. (John 8:44)
- Focus on your communication with this Father. Prayer is everything.
The context of Jesus’ teaching on this prayer pattern – which is not really the Lord’s prayer but the believers’ prayer – people praying out loud in the synagogue, and later pagans and their long-winded prayers.
Listen again: Mat 6:5 “And when you pray, do not be like the hypocrites, for they love to pray standing in the synagogues and on the street corners to be seen by men. I tell you the truth, they have received their reward in full.Mat 6:6 But when you pray, go into your room, close the door and pray to your Father, who is unseen. Then your Father, who sees what is done in secret, will reward you.
This room – or closet – is really an inner room. The point is that intimacy is not meant for the public eye. And there is a huge difference between public prayer and private prayer. When you lead people in prayer – you take them into the presence of God and help them with key points to focus on.It’s not about you – but it’s all about all of us.
When you pray on your own – while you can’t avoid praying for everyone else – you can spill your guts – open your heart – and really tell your Father how you feel.
- You can ask God all the hard questions.
- You can say it like it is.
- And you can balance the hard questions with counting your blessings and thanksgiving and gratitude.
But don’t stay there – focusing only on the hard questions. Because your loving heavenly Father really wants to embrace you. Wait on God. Be still in His presence.
Let God speak to you. Through intuitive thoughts – through ideas he pops in your mind – and especially through the bible.
And look at the second part of verse 6 again: Then your Father, who sees what is done in secret, will reward you.
What an interesting line. We kind of avoid the notion of reward. We are allergic to any idea that suggests we earn salvation or God’s love.
That truth remains. We don’t earn salvation. You can’t buy it through years of service.
But it is God’s nature to want to bless us as His children. He rewards us with a greater sense of faith and certainty, confidence and courage – and an overwhelming sense of being loved and safe in His hands.
Those private times of prayer are important. It has been suggested that you find a place – and have a notebook with your bible. The notebook is to write down thoughts and ideas you get – but also you need a separate column for when you have distractions – like things to do – jot them down separately and put them aside.
Focus on God’s presence. And a prayer book is helpful too. The NZ Anglican prayer book has daily prayers for each morning and evening.
These help us focus. There are other prayer aids. And listening to hymns and worship songs helps us focus on the Lord too.
In Matthew 6 Jesus continues: Mat 6:7 And when you pray, do not keep on babbling like pagans, for they think they will be heard because of their many words.
Mat 6:8 Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him.
You don’t need to go on and on. Don’t babble like pagans! That’s pretty direct isn’t it?
Don’t be like them.
This is your Father who knows what you need before you ask Him.
Watch out for the long shopping list. He knows.
In a close relationship you can also sit in silence.
Sometimes all you have to do is groan. Do you remember that passage from Romans 8 – a few verses after the Abba Father verse (v15)? Listen to it again:
Rom 8:22 We know that the whole creation has been groaning as in the pains of childbirth right up to the present time. Rom 8:23 Not only so, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for our adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies.
We groan in despair at fallen world and long for the new creation – we experience the firstfruits and long for the completion of the new creation. We have this taste of the perfection to come.
We have our new status now – but the full inheritance as sons is yet to come.
I want to end with an old story – forgive me if you’ve heard it before – but it really is helpful to explain what is yet to come. It’s called “The Fork”.
There was a Christian lady who was diagnosed with a terminal illness and had been given three months to live. So as she was getting her things “in order,” she contacted her pastor and had him come to her house to discuss certain aspects of her final wishes. She told him which songs she wanted sung at the service, what scriptures she would like read, and what outfit she wanted to be buried in. The woman also requested to be buried with her favourite Bible. Everything was in order and the pastor was preparing to leave when the woman suddenly remembered something very important to her.
“There’s one more thing,” she said excitedly.
“What’s that?” came the pastor’s reply.
“This is very important,” the woman continued. “I want to be buried with a fork in my right hand.”
The pastor stood looking at the woman, not knowing quite what to say. “That surprises you, doesn’t it?”, the woman asked.
“Well, to be honest, I’m puzzled by the request,” said the pastor.
The woman explained, “In all my years of attending church socials and potluck dinners, I always remember that when the dishes of the main courses were being cleared, someone would inevitably lean over and say, “Keep your fork.” It was my favourite part because I knew that something better was coming…like velvety chocolate cake or deep-dish apple pie. Something wonderful, and with substance! So, I just want people to see me there in that casket with a fork in my hand and I want them to wonder, “What’s with the fork?” Then I want you to tell them: “Keep your fork. The best is yet to come.”
The pastor’s eyes welled up with tears of joy as he hugged the woman good-bye. He knew this would be one of the last times he would see her before her death. But he also knew that the woman had a better grasp of Heaven than most Christians did.
She KNEW that something better was coming.
At her funeral people were walking by the woman’s casket and they saw the pretty dress she was wearing, her favourite Bible, and the fork placed in her right hand.
Over and over, the pastor heard the question “What’s with the fork?”
And over and over he smiled.
During his message, the pastor told the people of the conversation he had with the woman shortly before she died. He also told them about the fork and about what it symbolized to her. The pastor told the people how he could not stop thinking about the fork and told them that they probably would not be able to stop thinking about it either. He was right.
So the next time you reach down for your fork, let it remind you ever so gently, that the best is yet to come.
IT’S NOT ALL ABOUT NOW
Remember John 14 J Jesus speaking to them before his death: Joh 14:1 “Do not let your hearts be troubled. Trust in God; trust also in me. Joh 14:2 In my Father’s house are many rooms; if it were not so, I would have told you. I am going there to prepare a place for you.
We can be really intimate with the Father now – and the place where we will end up is the Father’s house.
When you pray – start with “Father” or “our Father”. And stay with Him. Remain with Him.As a child is safe in His father’s presence.
Hold onto that truth every moment of the day. It defines who we are and what we will become.
Thank you Father.
Reading: Luke 10:38-42
So how are you when it comes to balancing your life?
Work and pleasure Exercise and rest
Crowds and solitude Noise and silence?
Busyness and devotion? Doing and being?
Being a Martha or being a Mary?
Hospitality has been a big issue in Luke’s gospel as we’ve travelled along through the story.
You will remember the sons of thunder wanting to call down fire on that Samaritan village which was not hospitable to Jesus. They wanted heaven to “nuke” the lot of them.
You may remember the 72 being sent out – and Jesus’ instruction for them to shake the dust off their feet when they did not find children of peace in a place. You only had dust on your feet when people were inhospitable – otherwise they would have washed your feet when you arrived at their place. We have hospitality-lite in New Zealand – people take their shoes off and we are let off the hook.
And of course the forgiving Samaritan who rescued a half-dead Jewish enemy arranged hospitality and paid for the man’s stay in a local inn – extravagantly caring for him. You can’t always sit by someone’s bedside when you have work to do – but you can sponsor someone else – in our day like a hospital chaplain.
Our team today is helping getting patients to the chapel service at North Shore Hospital.
So perhaps Martha is just as right as Mary in this event. We read in verse 38: As Jesus and his disciples were on their way, he came to a village where a woman named Martha opened her home to him.
There would have been no place for Mary to sit at the feet of Jesus had Martha not opened her home. And I bet they had yummy food.
So there are some simple lessons today.
1. We’re all different – and that’s okay
We’re different in personalities, in gifting, in strengths and weaknesses.
It’s the nature of the body of Christ that the different parts have different functions. Read 1 Corinthians 12 to remind yourself of that.
And you know – and I know – that our bakers and chefs are critical in church growth – even if we are at risk of the wrong kind of expansive growth.
Hospitality is crucial. Martha was good at that. In fact, she is doing Christian ministry – she is serving. Both the word “preparations” and “work” in verse 40 come from the word diakonia – where we get the word deacon from. That’s the role of our board – it’s real ministry doing the practical caring – and the fixing of things..
There are a couple of verses that commend hospitality – including this one from 1 Peter:
1Pe 4:8 Above all, love each other deeply, because love covers over a multitude of sins.
1Pe 4:9 Offer hospitality to one another without grumbling.
It reminds me of the family who invited church friends around for a meal, and the mum said to the little girl “please say grace”. The child responded: “I don’t know what to say”. Mum replied: “just say the last prayer you heard your father pray”. She did – and prayed: “o Lord why did we invite this lot over for tea?”.
Having said that:
2. Food and entertaining isn’t everything
I think I understand the Martha thing in this sense – you can really go over the top.
Martha seems to be a bit obsessed with all the detail – and frustrated enough to ask Jesus to take sides. Ah the joys of sibling rivalry. “Tell my brother to do this dad! He won’t listen to me” In Jesus’s words she was “worried and upset about many things”.
There’s a good approach to enable you to be more hospitable – people have to take you as they find you. And if they don’t like your chaos – too bad.
If you saw the movie “Amazing Grace” about William Wilberforce, you would have remembered the hosts of people eating at his place, and the fact he had to remove a pet – I think it was a hare – to find a seat for someone.
Biblically – perhaps the key verse to balance this should be this one uttered by Jesus at his temptation: Mat 4:4 Jesus answered, “It is written: ‘Man does not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of God.”
3. Mary chose the what is better – only one thing is needed. (v42)
The quote Jesus uses is from Deuteronomy chapter 8 – here it is in context:
Deu 8:2 Remember how the LORD your God led you all the way in the desert these forty years, to humble you and to test you in order to know what was in your heart, whether or not you would keep his commands. Deu 8:3 He humbled you, causing you to hunger and then feeding you with manna, which neither you nor your fathers had known, to teach you that man does not live on bread alone but on every word that comes from the mouth of the LORD.
To get back to Luke 10, this account is not about women essentially – although it was unusual for women to be in a rabbis group of followers. It’s not primarily about siblings or catering either.
It’s about discipleship. Following Christ changes our focus.
And many other things also crowd out our time – time we need to take to be really still and listen to Jesus’ teaching.
Whether here on a Sunday – or in our personal devotions – or in the invitation he extends for us to take longer time out – retreat days and extended periods of quiet.
Too much of everything else can choke out God’s life in us.
We become dry and spiritually barren.
The active life and the contemplative life are both important.
But it’s better when what we do flows out of who we are.
Being has precedent over doing. We are human beings after all – not human doings.
If we don’t attend to this contemplative life, and listen, study and digest the words of Jesus, we burn out. And we’re no good to anyone or ourselves. “This little light of mine” that we are supposed to shine – goes out.
RISKS FOR THE CHURCH
Apart from our individual lives and walks with God, we also get distracted by the details here.
Keep focus people. Remember that lovely song:
“Turn your eyes upon Jesus, look full in his wonderful face, and the things of earth will grow strangely dim, in the light of his glory and grace.”
There is a second verse of the song which goes like this: “keep your eyes upon Jesus”. Let’s do that.
Reading: Luke 10: 25-37
Nearly 20 years ago – on a Saturday night – a car crashed in a tunnel in Paris. The occupants were severely injured. But the photographers who recorded the scene for the world press did nothing to help. Three out of four people died, including Princess Diana.
Ironically, France is one of the few countries which had a law – a Good Samarian Law – that makes it a crime not to help people in need.
Since that accident, the law has been revisited around the world. One state in Australia – the Northern Territory – has such a law. Very few people have been prosecuted under it – so it seems. Some US states have a similar law – but the argument against it, amongst many arguments is that it infringes on individual liberties. And of course people don’t want to be sued if their help harms people inadvertently.
Although in one survey it was found that more people would help someone in need because they were legally obligated than for moral or ethical reasons.
The issue has become much more prominent since then. It turns up in interesting places. For example – have a look at this scene from the final in the series of the American series Seinfeld – which I hasten to add I never did watch. The humour is unpalatable – and as you will see the background knowledge of the writers dodgy. I think it makes the point though.
Have a look.
If you think that’s bad, you should read some of the comments made about this. One person wrote this:
MegaSoldier64 1 month ago – The good Samaritan law is modeled after great Britain’s good Samaritan law, it became law when the queen of England had a heart attack and all those paparazzi just stood there and took pictures instead of helping her…
This lawyer in Luke’s gospel is also an interesting character. “What must I do?” is a great question about obligations. In this case its “what must I do to inherit eternal life?” that gets Jesus into “teaching by story” mode. Jesus’ response is straightforward – it’s one of those “haven’t you read your Bible” kind of responses:
Luk 10:26 “What is written in the Law?” he replied. “How do you read it?”
Luk 10:27 He answered: “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind’; and, ‘Love your neighbour as yourself.'”
Luk 10:28 “You have answered correctly,” Jesus replied. “Do this and you will live.”
The legal eagle is not satisfied. Maybe he wanted controversy – more of a debate – maybe he was trying to trick Jesus.
He certainly opened up a new can of worms for those of us who like to be passive observers along the road of life.
Luke says he wanted to justify himself. I’m glad he did – as we get one of the two greatest stories of the bible – as a result of his probing. The other more famous one they say is the prodigal son. You can decide which is the top one.
It’s not unusual for stories to have three characters. Dig deep into your literary knowledge and you will find some – Goldilocks and the three bears, the three little pigs. I am sure you know what I mean. It’s all about story technique.
Jesus’ listeners would be listening out for the third character in the tale.
They would have wanted the hero to be one of them. Not a fancy Levite or indifferent priest. They are the bad guys in the tale.
They would have been waiting for the third person – a good guy who shows up the others – one of them – ordinary folk with some moral backbone.
They listen carefully – here it comes. “a Samaritan…”
- “no way Jesus! One of the enemy???”
He’s not mentioned as a “good” Samaritan. That has become a title added on by us.
- He’s more than good though.
- He’s extravagant! Remarkably generous.
- It’s an absurd story.
- It’s not about who is our neighbour.
- It’s about who we are neighbours to. It’s about action.
It’s another variant of “love your enemies.” The wounded man is bound to be Jewish. And the hatred was mutual.
LET’S DO THE PLAY NOW
Let’s choose characters to play based on who you identify with the most.
When you ask kids to do this – and probably adults – not many people want to be the half dead guy.
The boys love being the robbers!
Perhaps we don’t want to think about what it’s like to be needy.
I don’t think we can get into those shoes very easily. Unless you’ve been attacked and beaten up perhaps.
How would you do as the lawyer?
Note that he can’t even say the word “Samaritan”. Jesus asks him this question at the end: “Which of these three do you think was a neighbour to the man who fell into the hands of robbers?”
He can only say this: “The one who had mercy on him.”
“Go and do likewise” says Jesus.
WHAT IS THE IMPORTANT THING TO TAKE HOME?
This is not a moral or legal story primarily. It’s not that we are to decide to be “good Samaritans” either because it’s the right thing to do or because we might be prosecuted.
It’s really about what motivated the Samaritan in the tale.
What did he have? Pity – is the word in the NIV in verse 33. Most better translations use the word “compassion” – that word we talked about a couple of weeks ago – that involves the inner parts, heart, stomach, the lot. It was the feeling Jesus had in Luke 7 towards the widow of Nain that caused him to stop the funeral procession – and raise the woman’s only son.
It’s the word in Luke 15:20 we are still to get to, that the Father has for the Prodigal son.
Its appears in passages referring to Jesus and God the Father.
And there is a strong argument that the Samaritan here is functioning as God’s agent.
After all, the lawyer identifies the man as showing “mercy” – another word which throughout Luke is associated either with an act of God or God’s agent (Luke 1:47-50, 54, 72, 78; 17:13; 18:38-39; the only exception is when Father Abraham refuses to show the rich man “mercy” [16:24], an exception which ultimately proves the rule that in Luke’s Gospel only God and Jesus show mercy).
That makes the story more startling.
Jesus is seen in the Samaritan. The Samaritan is a Christ figure.
Who is it that stops to help – that binds up our wounds and anoints us with the oil of gladness – that pays for our safe haven – if not Jesus?
This is not an “example” story that we are to be Good Samaritans.
We are younger siblings of our elder brother Jesus in God’s family.
We are the body of Christ – we are Jesus in the world – stopping to help out of compassion and because of his mercy.
MUCH OF THE WORLD MAY WELL BE HALF DEAD AND IN A DITCH
We can relish our own security and purity if we like – or take the chance – the risk – of showing mercy at a cost of our time and money – to reach the broken ones of this generation.
And if we don’t have compassion – then we need some loving ourselves to soften our hearts.
In any case – it was the Samaritans that did not welcome Jesus, that James and John wanted to turn into toast by calling fire down from heaven.
It was one of them who got it right – the enemy models love. Must have been a son of peace – I would say.
Reading: Luke 10:1-11; 16-20
I visited a dear brother in his early 90s this week. He told me that his grand daughter is going to Southern Africa as a missionary. We had a good laugh together – he thought it funny that she was going there when I had come here to New Zealand as a pastor from South Africa. The question we discussed was simple – can there ever be too many missionaries? God calls and sends people in all directions – and the message is received. Seeds are sown and people come to faith. It should be the norm, but sadly many people struggle to share their faith, or hope that others will do it for them. Here are some points from this passage today.
KEY THINGS IN THIS PASSAGE TODAY
1. Ministry is not limited to the 12. Who are these 70 or 72? They were ordinary people with a Mission. It’s not limited to professionals either today.
Luk 10:1 After this the Lord appointed seventy-two others and sent them two by two ahead of him to every town and place where he was about to go.
2. The agricultural image of the harvest lines up with other passages – for example Luke 8:10-15 the sowing of the seed which is the Word of God (vs.11)
Luk 10:2 He told them, “The harvest is plentiful, but the workers are few. Ask the Lord of the harvest, therefore, to send out workers into his harvest field.
We are not to coerce people into the job of labourers for this mission. Pray for the Lord of the harvest to raise them up! It is His mission.
3. The Lord of the harvest then sends them out – this is not about PR or marketing – this is a divinely appointed task to share the Word and plant the seed. Have a look at the next verses:
Luk 10:3 Go! I am sending you out like lambs among wolves.
Luk 10:4 Do not take a purse or bag or sandals; and do not greet anyone on the road.
They are to travel light, not weighed down by stuff (the church is often weighed down by stuff not central to its mission. For example, I spend a lot of time sorting out things that are not part of my calling). All of us spend a lot of time on non-essentials that don’t really build the kingdom of God.
Not greeting people is not being rude – it’s about not being side-tracked again by non-essential gossip and idle chit chat. It has been suggested that a formal cultural greeting in those days could take a couple of hours. You see this in other cultures – like traditional greetings or votes of thanks at Presbytery meetings to those who do the catering – in some cultures they are very long speeches indeed. (How do we allocate our words?? Word economy is an interesting idea.)
Luk 10:5 “When you enter a house, first say, ‘Peace to this house.’
Luk 10:6 If a man of peace is there, your peace will rest on him; if not, it will return to you.
4. “Peace be with you” is like saying God be with you. At our recent citizenship ceremony, the Kaumata’s karakia – his prayer of blessing – began with “Peace be upon this gathering”).
Luke 10:6 If a man of peace is there, your peace will rest on him; if not, it will return to you – this is key – our mission is to be to and with people who are people of peace – they are open to you and you invest in a relationship with them. Logically – you can’t build with those who don’t seek peace. They are certainly not open to the prince of peace or the Gospel.
If you don’t receive peace back – move on. You’ve got urgent business and only so much time, – don’t waste it with people who are not people of peace. In our lives we have only so many hours in the day and the week for relationships. Missional church people make this their main focus – on the people who are children of peace – who are more likely to open their homes to you.
5. In verses 7 and 8 we read this: Luk 10:7 Stay in that house, eating and drinking whatever they give you, for the worker deserves his wages. Do not move around from house to house.
Luk 10:8 “When you enter a town and are welcomed, eat what is set before you.
Hospitality is inverted – the 72 are to receive hospitality. If you have to shake the dust off your feet it means that they haven’t done the job of hospitality – which included washing your feet. Otherwise there would be no dust!
Jesus tells them to stay in homes that welcome them (people of peace obviously). Hospitality is important in Mission. A number of key things happen in homes – look at Acts 10 and 11 Peter and Cornelius, Paul in Ananias’ house in Acts 9 – Lydia in Acts 16 – salvation involves belonging – giving of oneself and receiving of another – becoming part of a covenant community where people eat together – and when you eat with people you usually talk and share your lives more.
We are to go out and be guests to their hospitality, which is not easy for some whose kids embarrass them in peoples’ homes, who won’t eat their food and so on. Parents pray the kids will be okay and polite!
6. Luk 10:9 Heal the sick who are there and tell them, ‘The kingdom of God is near you.’
Like last week’s discussion, the key message is the Kingdom, and healing is a normal part of it. Logically enough – God’s will being done on earth as it is in heaven means wholeness, healing, restoration, and a new way of living, and a new community.
Not everyone will accept this:
Luk 10:10 But when you enter a town and are not welcomed, go into its streets and say,
Luk 10:11 “Even the dust of your town that sticks to our feet we wipe off against you. Yet be sure of this: The kingdom of God is near.’
7. The last passage is a warning that you should not worry about feeling rejected when sharing the gospel of God. It’s God they are rejecting. Listen again: Luk 10:16 “He who listens to you listens to me; he who rejects you rejects me; but he who rejects me rejects him who sent me.”
8. The real battle is spiritual. That’s why we have to guard our unity. Listen again:
Luk 10:17 The seventy-two returned with joy and said, “Lord, even the demons submit to us in your name.” Luk 10:18 He replied, “I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven. Luk 10:19 I have given you authority to trample on snakes and scorpions and to overcome all the power of the enemy; nothing will harm you.
9. And of course don’t be to excited when you are successful: Listen to Jesus again: Luk 10:20 However, do not rejoice that the spirits submit to you, but rejoice that your names are written in heaven.”
I don’t think we are in great danger of getting over excited. But pride is a dangerous thing when we overrate ourselves. The real victory is Jesus over Satan – the cross remains the central place of power and success – paradoxically because it felt like a defeat.
So what about us?
The Missional church movement reminds us of the biblical mandate for Mission. God has a mission. God’s mission has a church.
The Matthew 28 great commission is “Go in to all the world” not “bring the world into the church building to hear the message”.
Perhaps that’s why Messy Church works.
- It’s not in a church.
- It is around food.
- It focusses on doing things together where there are conversations in which we get to know people and are included in their lives.
And still – there is a message – there is prayer – truth is presented which is the seed sown in the lives of the folk that come along.
It’s not just a time to keep kids busy.
Hospitality is shared, – given and received.
You could come along too.
And tomorrow you will be out there – the extension of the mission of the 72 – God’s mission has a church – and that’s you.
Reading: Luke 9:51-62
This will bring back some memories – the song “I will follow Him” from Sister Act:
Don’t you love that number? For once you are allowed to yell out “whoopee!”
“I will follow him.”
Will you really?
The training of Jesus’ first disciples in Luke 9 and 10 is a fascinating series of successes and blunders. In the gospels overall – it’s your typical training scenario. Ups and downs – moments of success and real stupidity.
You can’t really blame them for wanting to call down fire from heaven on those inhospitable Samaritans. They were the equivalent of various disliked groups for some people today – it seems legitimate to take them out.
I had coffee with an old student this week who joined the army reserve here in NZ and has an Arabic surname that begins with Al. You can imagine some of his army trainers and their attitudes – especially when he filled in a form and said his religion was Muslim/Presbyterian. They had some questions for him. It’s a great story.
We know the whole story of the New Testament which they didn’t have back then – we know that Good Samaritans actually exist. And we are not keen on ethnic cleansing.
So Jesus does have a little word with James and John – who are not called the sons of thunder for nothing.
He basically rebukes them.
That’s the first challenge today.
Perhaps we have attitudes that need rebuking. If you follow Jesus – you really have to tow the party line as it were.
John Wesley’s comment on this passage was this: “‘Ye know not what manner of spirit’ – The spirit of Christianity is. It is not a spirit of wrath and vengeance, but of peace, and gentleness, and love.”
The key word which unlocks the whole passage I suspect is found in verse 51:
Luke 9:51 As the time approached for him to be taken up to heaven, Jesus resolutely set out for Jerusalem.
Resolutely is the word. It also means to set your face firmly or steadfastly – it’s about a decision on Jesus’ part to go to the place where he will ultimately die. And it’s quite early on really in the narrative.
The followers of Jesus are expected to have the same steadiness of purpose. Single mindedness if you like.
So they move on to another village – and there are three encounters with would-be disciples. Remember that a disciple is essentially two things – a follower and a learner.
Either way it is a costly business – as these examples illustrate.
One he calls to follow him.
Like the Sister Act song – the first volunteer says exactly that: – “wherever you go.”
Luk 9:57 As they were walking along the road, a man said to him, “I will follow you wherever you go.”
Jesus doesn’t reply in an English accent, “O how lovely” or like a kiwi with a : “Sweet as!”
Luk 9:58 Jesus replied, “Foxes have holes and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has no place to lay his head.”
Warning bells should sound for the reader of the gospel – Jesus is resolutely going to Jerusalem where he will die.
Jesus’ response may seem blunt – but that’s the reality. There can be no expectation of payoff for being a disciple. Rather – you could end up homeless. Despised and rejected.
The second follower Jesus calls.
The man’s response seems reasonable. Let me bury my father first. The commandments made it clear that people were to honour their parents. And many of us do exactly that – we put our plans on hold to care for aging parents.
We don’t know whether the person’s father was ill or had in fact died.
Either way Jesus’ response is a tough one.
Luk 9:60 Jesus said to him, “Let the dead bury their own dead, but you go and proclaim the kingdom of God.”
Suddenly the lines are drawn. It’s not the church that is central here. In fact, Jesus says very little about the church.
He’s not bothered about the spaces between our chairs and rows here.
He’s interested in whether we buy into the Kingdom values and principles that we pray for in the Lord’s prayer – “thy Kingdom come, thy will be done” – the Kingdom that he spoke about when he said “no worries, be happy by seeking first the Kingdom of God”…
I’m not sure that he was insensitive to the bereaved or those who care for aging parents and put their lives on hold for a season.
I think what he means is that spiritual things are central – let the spiritually dead deal with the other things that are not lasting – that are not important in the bigger scheme of things.
We need to be at peace with what is gone – and embrace what lies before us as we embrace the kingdom.
Different principles, values, morals, ethics, and purpose for living. Passion!
- People who stand for light and truth in the midst of darkness and deception.
- Love and grace in the face of hatred and bitterness.
- Worship and gratitude in the face of grumbling and grabbing – that grasping entitlement of this generation and indeed this nation.
Our third potential customer in this passage is another volunteer. Listen again:
Luk 9:61 Still another said, “I will follow you, Lord; but first let me go back and say good-by to my family.” Luk 9:62 Jesus replied, “No one who puts his hand to the plow and looks back is fit for service in the kingdom of God.”
Here’s the thing. Even Elisha was allowed to go back to his family to say goodbye before he took up his prophetic mantle (1 Kings 19:19-21).
Being a disciple of Christ is a stronger calling, Not everyone endures to the end. People fall by the wayside. They look back. (Lot’s wife comes to mind).
Jesus does us a favour to warn us that we should not start something and give up half way.
If we start ploughing and look back with regret – we’re not fit for service.
Failed WOF basically. We get yellow-stickered – taken off the road.
You have to look ahead – otherwise the field ends up in a mess with a track behind us that is all over the place.
We too have to set our faces towards Jerusalem – the heavenly city. Towards a loftier goal of a new Kingdom and life in Christ.
And on the road we too have to confront all that which contradicts the truths of the kingdom – just as Jesus did – he had to speak out prophetically to the religious establishment more than anything else – he confronts them and eventually turns over their tables – with a desire to reform and rescue them.
So should we. In fact its one of my jobs – to challenge people in their stuckness.
Two out of three of these people in the passage today were volunteers. It seemed good at the time. One Jesus called – and he too was a dubious starter.
How are you doing? How’s your single-mindedness? Not for your pet theory, but for Jesus? “All for Jesus” is the song we sang.
How’s your passion? Passion is caught, not taught. We need some infectious passion for Jesus and His Kingdom.
Readings: Luke 8:26-39
Luk 8:27 When Jesus stepped ashore, he was met by a demon-possessed man from the town. For a long time this man had not worn clothes or lived in a house, but had lived in the tombs. Luk 8:28 When he saw Jesus, he cried out and fell at his feet, shouting at the top of his voice, “What do you want with me, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? I beg you, don’t torture me!”
I wonder how you would have felt doing some pastoral visiting at this man’s place.
It’s not exactly welcoming.
The average church pastoral team would rather call a medical emergency line. Or simply dial 111. Or 999, depending where you live.
It’s a cemetery for one thing.
My first church posting as a pastor alone was in a town where the church met in a national monument made of stone strategically placed between two cemeteries. There was no power – the organ ran on a petrol generator.
In time we moved out to a local school, and after I moved on they built a church building.
We never did have evening services between those two cemeteries.
This man –
• He lived amongst the dead
• He was in chains
• He was naked
And I’m sure people were comfortable that he stayed there – that he didn’t wander into town at night.
Trust Jesus to show up there. He’s had a nap on the boat ride over. Just by the way – the sea of Galilee is an inland lake 166 square kms (for kiwis, Taupo is 616 square kms.) It was a bumpy ride in a fierce storm.
He’s had his followers accusing him of not caring that they might drown.
He’s calmed the squall – we love that story because we’d all like our storms in life stilled – we all want peace.
And now he encounters this! With all its potential for violence and plenty of drama.
This was not Jewish territory. The pigs give that away.
The man was unwell by any standards – and there were no psychiatrists back in the day. In today’s medical terms he would probably be classified as mentally ill. And institutionalized because he was a risk to others and himself. Possibly Psychotic at the least. Not to speak of the terrible loneliness and isolation. And self-harm and ferocity.
The encounter with Jesus is also intriguing. Why is he so afraid of Jesus tormenting him? Okay perhaps it’s the demon voices speaking – if you are a strict literalist. On the other hand, it could also be symptomatic of a real desire of this sick man not to face reality. Perhaps it’s all too hard for him.
Someone has suggested that strangers would be kinder to us if we are seriously ill – because they would have no special concern for us and would try to make us feel good.
Those who love us, on the other hand, would ask the hard questions and want us to face real change.
I take the demonic in scripture very seriously – but not all the people Jesus healed were demonized. It’s more complex than that.
Whatever the cause of this man’s oppression, he would have been terrified of change. His home among the dead was at least predicable in some way. And he would hardly have been welcome in so called normal society. The prejudice is just as real today if we are off the spectrum in terms of our mental health.
The truth is that most of us are at best ambivalent about dealing with radical change in our lives.
Jesus addresses these demons – the Legion. They don’t want to go into the Abyss – a unique word in Luke it seems – the place of the dead perhaps, the deep (Psalm 107:26 cf. Romans 10:7) – or an equivalent of hell or hades (Luke 16:23). (cf. Rev 9:11 and Jude 1:6).
It’s a troubling thing for the locals that the demons ask for permission to go into the pigs.
2000 pigs according to Mark. At $50 each conservatively that’s $100 000 worth of disruption for the locals.
What a story to share with your neighbours. The grapevine would have been red hot.
WHAT ABOUT US?
• There are degrees of brokenness. But we are all broken.
• There are degrees of sickness.
• But we are all vulnerable.
No matter who we are – we are part of this broken world.
And there are plenty of people out there tormented by oppression, mental illnesses, addictions, loneliness and despair.
At a very basic level this story gives hope – and disturbs people all at once.
Luk 8:34 When those tending the pigs saw what had happened, they ran off and reported this in the town and countryside, Luk 8:35 and the people went out to see what had happened. When they came to Jesus, they found the man from whom the demons had gone out, sitting at Jesus’ feet, dressed and in his right mind; and they were afraid.
The naked mad one is doing what we all need to do – sitting at Jesus’ feet. Doing the Mary thing (which Martha struggled with if you remember).
And he’s dressed.
And in his right mind.
And the people are afraid! And rightly so – if Jesus can do this – perhaps they thought – what then could he do in my life? Do I want that?
Do you want that? Radical transformation? or would you prefer respectable Christianity – tamed religion.
The locals didn’t want it. Look at verse 37: Luk 8:37 Then all the people of the region of the Gerasenes asked Jesus to leave them, because they were overcome with fear. So he got into the boat and left.
But the story does end with such a positive statement:
Luk 8:38 The man from whom the demons had gone out begged to go with him, but Jesus sent him away, saying, Luk 8:39 “Return home and tell how much God has done for you.” So the man went away and told all over town how much Jesus had done for him. Note the shift from God to Jesus.
When we meet with Jesus ourselves – we too can’t stay on a high as it were. On the mountain top – or in the boat after the storm.
We have to go home and tell others about it.
He does it: So the man went away and told all over town how much Jesus had done for him.
We missed verse 36: Those who had seen it told the people how the demon-possessed man had been cured.
There’s the key. The word cured also means healed and saved, liberated. We need that too. How much Jesus had done indeed.
Marvelous. Brilliant. Wonderful. Stunning. Fantastic. Miraculous.
Praise God for His grace. He still sets people free today.
Readings: Psalm 55:1-8; Luke 8:22-25
Have you ever wanted to fly?
I don’t mean on an aeroplane. I mean if you could just grow wings and go wherever you want.
In Psalm 55 David is having troubles with a whole lot of things and people. Crazy scary emotions. His heart is in anguish – probably racing – he is experiencing fear and trembling and horror – and he prays this prayer which has been sung for many years around the world since written in 1844 by Felix Mendelssohn the German composer:
Psa 55:6 I said, “Oh, that I had the wings of a dove! I would fly away and be at rest—
Psa 55:7 I would flee far away and stay in the desert; Selah
Psa 55:8 I would hurry to my place of shelter, far from the tempest and storm.
Here it is to listen to:
Of course you wouldn’t really want to be a dove – there are horrible cats out there and birds of prey that can nab you.
But there are times when we feel like escaping the storms of life. The troubles out there and our fears and concerns in our hearts.
It does feel like we are in a storm tossed boat.
The bible reading from Luke today is about a scene like that.
A number of Jesus’ followers were fishermen and they did travel by boat at times – Jesus was quite busy around Lake Galilee. Which actually is quite big – 166 square kilometres. Not as big as Taupo though – which is 616 square kilometres.
I’s not surprising Jesus is asleep in the boat. He would have been ministering to many people and large crowds tended to follow him.
His followers are really stressed by this storm. It’s described here as a squall – by Mark as a furious squall, and by Matthew as a furious storm. Maybe Matthew the tax collector didn’t have sea legs and it felt much worse.
So they wake Jesus up – don’t you care we are going to drown?
Sounds like our prayer lives. Save us! Don’t you care? It’s all a bit much in the storms of our lives.
Amazingly he speaks peace – and the storm is stilled.
And of course he tells them off – you of little faith! (Matthew). Do you still have no faith? (Mark). Where is your faith? (Luke).
If you are in a storm today in your life.
If your boat is been overwhelmed by the waves and you feel you may sink.
And it feels like He is not hearing your cries for help – that he is sleeping – be of good cheer and have faith! Trust him!
Listen to Psalm 121 – which is one of the Psalms they would pray as they went up to Jerusalem to worship. Let it speak to you.
Psa 121:1 A song of ascents. I lift up my eyes to the hills— where does my help come from?
Psa 121:2 My help comes from the LORD, the Maker of heaven and earth.
Psa 121:3 He will not let your foot slip— he who watches over you will not slumber;
Psa 121:4 indeed, he who watches over Israel will neither slumber nor sleep.
Psa 121:5 The LORD watches over you— the LORD is your shade at your right hand;
Psa 121:6 the sun will not harm you by day, nor the moon by night.
Psa 121:7 The LORD will keep you from all harm— he will watch over your life;
Psa 121:8 the LORD will watch over your coming and going both now and forevermore.
He is not asleep. He’s right here with us.
Receive His peace today.
READINGS: 1 Kings 17:17-24; Luke 7:11-17
Last week it was the faith of the centurion we looked at – his faith led to the healing of his servant.
The very next story in Luke – and there is no faith to be seen.
- It’s a funeral.
- It’s grim.
- There’s a widow and her only son has died.
The dead guy can’t have faith – and there is no expectation of faith at a funeral. Just pain and sorrow – deep grief.
The people around would have known about Elijah raising a widow’s son. Once word got out they would have joined the dots – here was another prophet empowered by God.
But put yourself in the story.
This is 5 miles away from Nazareth. 25 miles away from Capernaum where we were last week. Quite a long walk really.
The death would have been very recent. They buried their dead within 24 hours. Not like our week’s mourning at most here. Or the Swedish custom of a couple of weeks between death and the funeral.
So the grief is still raw – this is a child – an only son of a widow – it’s a disaster from an economic survival point of view.
The professional mourners would have been there. Wailing.
Don’t think that’s a bizarre custom either. They cried loudly so that the real mourners would not be the centre of attention as they genuinely wept.
It was all healthy but raw.
And along comes this prophet like Elijah. Except things are different. Elijah knew the family and he was known to them. In this account Jesus didn’t.
- A stranger who walks in.
- A crowd following him intersects with the funeral crowd.
- Imagine someone doing that at a funeral you’re at. Unusual to say the least.
He touches the funeral bier. The coffin – which would have been an open kind of frame. It certainly brought the procession to a halt.
The key line is verse 13: Luk 7:13 When the Lord saw her, his heart went out to her and he said, “Don’t cry.”
What a strange thing to say. Of course she would be crying. Grief specialists would say to her: “let it out dear. It’s okay to cry!”
- It comes from compassion. In fact, a better translation is probably this:
13 When the Lord saw her, he had compassion for her and said to her, “Do not weep.” (NRSV)
- It also comes from hope – and knowledge of what was possible.
He knew he could reverse this. He knew his ultimate destiny. He knew that resurrection would ultimately change the way we see the world.
I remember Nicky Gumbel talking about how interesting a person Jesus would have been to have around.
- At a wedding.
- At a picnic.
- When out fishing.
- During a storm at sea.
- At a funeral.
The text is very matter of fact. Remember also that only Luke tells us this story. It’s not in the other gospel accounts. Listen again:
Luk 7:14 Then he went up and touched the coffin, and those carrying it stood still. He said, “Young man, I say to you, get up!”
Luk 7:15 The dead man sat up and began to talk, and Jesus gave him back to his mother.
Luk 7:16 They were all filled with awe and praised God. “A great prophet has appeared among us,” they said. “God has come to help his people.”
Luk 7:17 This news about Jesus spread throughout Judea and the surrounding country.
WHAT ABOUT US
What do you make of this?
At a factual and historical level, it’s Jesus showing his hand to the crowds. The word certainly would have got out, as was the case with the raising of Lazarus. In Lazarus’ case it was a nail in his own coffin as his enemies were provoked to plot his death.
There are two points to take home today really.
For us today it is a reminder of His compassion – shown in so many other gospel accounts.
- The hungry – he had compassion on them and fed them.
- The sick – he healed them.
- Blind beggars who called out to him – in compassion he healed them.
- And two great stories in the bible – the Good Samaritan and the Prodigal son – are both about compassionate people – the Samaritan and the Father in the stories.
It has to speak to us about compassion – we at least have to be like that – from deep within. The word itself – compassion – in the original New Testament Language encompassed the bowels, heart, lungs, liver or kidneys – all seen in those days as the seat of human emotion.
It gets us here (point to gut).
Are we really compassionate? the Jewish philosopher Philo of Alexandria, said this: “Be kind, for everyone you meet is fighting a great battle.”
Not a bad motto. To live by – not just to have on the wall or on your facebook page.
2. WOULD THAT JESUS SHOW UP IN ALL KINDS OF PLACES.
I bet no one afterwards at the funeral tea was resentful that this strange rabbi gate-crashed their ceremony.
“Who’s that bloke ‘ey stopping the procession?”
I’ve been watching too much British television I think.
Jesus is really keen to walk into the lives of our families and friends – he brings a whole new perspective on our sickness, pain, griefs and our dying. And our living!
And he really wants to walk into our mess too.
It’s ultimately about resurrection. Not about disembodied souls going to heaven. But about a whole new life at the end of it all.
And the same spirit that raised Jesus from the dead – the Holy Spirit – is at work in us. (Romans 8:11).
That resurrection life begins now – we are made alive spiritually. He still breaks through into our messy world by His Holy Spirit.
Nicky Gumble tells the great story about a man who got really carried away in a very dull staid church. He was lifting his hands and shouting “hallelujah”- whereupon the Church warden came up to him at tapped him on the shoulder saying “we don’t do that here!” The man said excitedly – “but I’ve found religion”. The warden replied – “you didn’t get it here”.
If Jesus can walk into a funeral procession and turn things around, he can surely walk into our situations and change things too – bring new life and hope.
Next week when our guests are here there will be opportunities for us to receive prayer and really hear from the Lord. I encourage you to bring a friend along.
God still shows up in our lives. He changes us to make us compassionate.
He fills us with hope too – which is an infectious and helpful force in a pretty hopeless world. In fact, hope is the basis for our witnessing. Peter writes this:
But in your hearts set apart Christ as Lord. Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have. But do this with gentleness and respect…
Hopeful people are joyful! Happy! There would nothing gloomy at that moment when the dead boy was returned to his mother alive and well.
Reading: Luke 7:1-10; Psalm 96
Do you remember the first place Jesus preached at? That great sermon quoting from Isaiah – “the spirit of the Lord is upon me”
Quiz question 1: Where was that?
Nazareth – where he had been brought up.
Quiz question 2: What happened next?
They chased him out. Like modern hearers of sermons they were less than thrilled. In Luke 4:29 (another reminder on 29th May) – they tried to throw him off a cliff.
I always find that comforting when people are less than thrilled by my sermons. It’s never got as bad as Luke 4:29.
In this case Jesus walks through the crowds and goes on his way.
Quiz question 3: where did he go next?
Capernaum of course. Everybody should know that. Here’s a more recent picture of Capernaum than the ones Jesus took on his Kodak bible-matic camera of the day:
Can you see the Octagonal church there? It’s built over the site of an older church which in turn was built over the site of whose house?
Quiz question 4: whose house? Which disciple and first pope? Why Peter of course. We all know that.
Stuff happened in Capernaum. It was a town of about 1500 and the fishing village where Jesus called Peter, James, John and Andrew to leave their nets and follow him. And it was also the village of Matthew the tax collector.
The man in Luke 4:35 who is cleansed of an evil spirit is set free in the synagogue in Capernaum. That got peoples’ attention. It wasn’t your average Saturday synagogue session.
In 4:36 we read this:
Luk 4:36 All the people were amazed and said to each other, “What is this teaching? With authority and power he gives orders to evil spirits and they come out!” Luk 4:37 And the news about him spread throughout the surrounding area.
Jesus goes to Peter’s house after this – and heals his mum in law. That got them talking I’m sure. Rebuking fevers and what have you.
It gets so frenetic – well just listen to Luke: Luk 4:40 When the sun was setting, the people brought to Jesus all who had various kinds of sickness, and laying his hands on each one, he healed them. Luk 4:41 Moreover, demons came out of many people, shouting, “You are the Son of God!” But he rebuked them and would not allow them to speak, because they knew he was the Christ.
Luk 4:42 At daybreak Jesus went out to a solitary place. The people were looking for him and when they came to where he was, they tried to keep him from leaving them. Luk 4:43 But he said, “I must preach the good news of the kingdom of God to the other towns also, because that is why I was sent.”
In Luke 5 there’s another commotion. Such a crowd – that these people carrying a paralysed friend break a hole in the roof of a house to let him down so that Jesus can heal him.
Here’s the line that sets a cat among the theological pigeons: Luk 5:20 When Jesus saw their faith, he said, “Friend, your sins are forgiven.”
The Pharisees are less than thrilled. Knowing what they are thinking, he says:
Luk 5:23 Which is easier: to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Get up and walk’?
Luk 5:24 But that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins…” He said to the paralyzed man, “I tell you, get up, take your mat and go home.”
Luk 5:25 Immediately he stood up in front of them, took what he had been lying on and went home praising God.
Now you may wonder – why all these details about Capernaum.
Well – it’s because when we get to Luke 7 which is today’s reading – he’s back in Capernaum. We’ve seen quite a bit of faith in Capernaum. Point well made.
But in Luke 7 – this is not a Jewish setting or a synagogue gathering.
Suddenly out of nowhere there’s a Roman centurion in the mix.
Weird. Fascinating. A man from an oppressive foreign power.
With all those Jews less than thrilled about Jesus forgiving sins and healing on the Sabbath – some Jewish elders come with a request on behalf of a gentile occupier from a foreign army.
There’s a bit of sending going on here.
The centurion sends the Jewish elders to ask for Jesus’ help with this sick servant.
The reason they give is fascinating too: “This man deserves to have you do this, Luk 7:5 because he loves our nation and has built our synagogue.”
So Jesus goes along. Game? Curious? Compassionate?
On the way the centurion sends others – this time friends – with a message.
“Lord, don’t trouble yourself, for I do not deserve to have you come under my roof.
Luk 7:7 That is why I did not even consider myself worthy to come to you. But say the word, and my servant will be healed.
Luk 7:8 For I myself am a man under authority, with soldiers under me. I tell this one, ‘Go,’ and he goes; and that one, ‘Come,’ and he comes. I say to my servant, ‘Do this,’ and he does it.”
Up to now people were amazed at Jesus and his works.
This time its Jesus who is amazed. Listen again: Luk 7:9 When Jesus heard this, he was amazed at him, and turning to the crowd following him, he said, “I tell you, I have not found such great faith even in Israel.”
We’ve heard and sung about Amazing Grace. This is amazing faith.
At this point – let’s stop for a while and consider this picture. Ask yourself – is this funny? Is it fair? Where are you in this situation? Are we like Eugene?
DISCUSSION (in small groups or with the person next to you).
Talk about Eugene and his faith in the cartoon on screen. Here are some questions to discuss about our prayer life and our faith:
1. Are there things I am still asking for after 47 years?
2. Should I give up?
3. What are the big things I am trusting Jesus for?
4. How amazing is my faith?
5. How does it compare with the faith of the centurion?
6. What do you find amazing about his faith?
SHARING TIME: So what “ponies” are you still praying for? Do you still have amazing faith for some things – for a break through – for a prayer to be answered.
Go back to Luke 7:
Luk 7:9 When Jesus heard this, he was amazed at him, and turning to the crowd following him, he said, “I tell you, I have not found such great faith even in Israel.”
Remarkable that Jesus should say this.
The man’s words are remarkable: “Lord, don’t trouble yourself, for I do not deserve to have you come under my roof.
Luk 7:7 That is why I did not even consider myself worthy to come to you. But say the word, and my servant will be healed.
Luk 7:8 For I myself am a man under authority, with soldiers under me. I tell this one, ‘Go,’ and he goes; and that one, ‘Come,’ and he comes. I say to my servant, ‘Do this,’ and he does it.”
TWO POINTS TO TAKE HOME
1. “I am not worthy” – it’s so like the prayer of humble access in the Communion liturgy of some churches:
We do not presume to come to this thy Table, O merciful Lord, trusting in our own righteousness, but in thy manifold and great mercies. We are not worthy so much as to gather up the crumbs under thy Table. But thou art the same Lord, whose property is always to have mercy:
It’s so like the Canaanite woman of Matthew 15:
Mat 15:25 The woman came and knelt before him. “Lord, help me!” she said.
Mat 15:26 He replied, “It is not right to take the children’s bread and toss it to their dogs.”
Mat 15:27 “Yes, Lord,” she said, “but even the dogs eat the crumbs that fall from their masters’ table.”
Mat 15:28 Then Jesus answered, “Woman, you have great faith! Your request is granted.” And her daughter was healed from that very hour.
Sometimes our prayers make us sound presumptuous.
2. It speaks of who Jesus really is. The real stunner is this – that he says that Jesus did not even have to be there physically for the healing to take place.
This cuts across everything people believed and experienced about faith healers. Just say the word. He’s saying something about who Jesus is – as the God who speaks and things come into being – like creation. Remember John 1 – nothing has been made that was not made through Jesus, the Word of God.
WHAT ABOUT US
The troubling things about this whole story is where we fit in.
How amazing is our faith?
Are we a bit like the Jewish people who wanted to debate things? Who had preconceived ideas? Cherished notions we don’t let go of?
Especially on healing and whether God really speaks. In two weeks’ time we will have Tony and Sue Kerr and their team here. Will we really expect God to speak and act?
Are we open to learning how to minister like they do? Because they are willing to come along and equip us to be used to bring God’s restoring power and love into other peoples’ lives.
(Are we on another level? Do we think – I wish we had a centurion who would sponsor our synagogue/church?)
Have we given up? – like Eugene’s friends who tell him – “we’re tired of hearing your prayer request. Go and buy a pony!” in other words – solve it yourself.
As we travel through Luke’s gospel we will find other amazing things that God does.
This one is about Amazing faith.
Maybe we need to ask for “amazing faith” ourselves.
Luk 7:9 When Jesus heard this, he was amazed at him, and turning to the crowd following him, he said, “I tell you, I have not found such great faith even in Israel.”
What’s he saying to the angels now about the faith he finds here in Browns Bay?