Reading: John 3: 7-15
I love to read about Nicodemus. He comes to Jesus at night – possibly because of privacy or secrecy (Jesus was a controversial person in the ruling Jewish Council) – possibly because he was a prayerful student who studied late at night – who knows really?
I also love the details about Jesus’ burial – in John 19:38 – Later, Joseph of Arimathea asked Pilate for the body of Jesus. Now Joseph was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly because he feared the Jewish leaders. With Pilate’s permission, he came and took the body away. John 19:39 He was accompanied by Nicodemus, the man who earlier had visited Jesus at night. Nicodemus brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds. So good to see that Nicodemus does become a disciple!
The idea that you can be born again is perplexing to him. But Jesus is clear: 7 You should not be surprised at my saying, “You must be born again.”
When Nicodemus says: 9 ‘How can this be?’ – Jesus is more direct: 10 ‘You are Israel’s teacher,’ said Jesus, ‘and do you not understand these things?
So are you? Born again? Jesus says – You should not be surprised at my saying this!
It’s very clear that the Christian life is about a new beginning. Two things are very clear from today’s reading:
- It’s a work of the Holy Spirit – a spiritual rebirth!
- It involves the cross!
1. It’s a work of the Holy Spirit – a spiritual rebirth! We are born of the Holy Spirit – listen again to Jesus:
7 You should not be surprised at my saying, “You must be born again.” 8 The wind blows wherever it pleases. You hear its sound, but you cannot tell where it comes from or where it is going. So it is with everyone born of the Spirit.’
The word for spirit and wind are the same in both bible languages. In the NT it is pneuma – here are various English words that come from this. The point is – you can’t actually see the wind, but you can see its effect. So too the Holy Spirit.
We don’t talk about the Holy Spirit enough. It is through the Holy Spirit that we receive assurance of faith (Rom 8:16 The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God’s children.) We experience the love of God through the Spirit: Romans 5:5 – because God’s love has been poured out into our hearts through the Holy Spirit, who has been given to us. We are told to be “filled with the Spirit” (Ephesians 5:18 – Do not get drunk on wine, which leads to debauchery. Instead, be filled with the Spirit,) which is about on ongoing relationship with God who is spirit (John 4:24 – God is spirit, and his worshipers must worship in the Spirit and in truth.” ) and who empowers us with his transforming presence.
And it all begins with the spiritual rebirth – we are to be born again (from above) and born of the spirit – a touch and regeneration by the spirit – a bringing to life of our spirits so that we begin to experience the things that are in a different realm – the realm of the spirit. That realm – using another word for realm – is the Kingdom of God.
The Christian life is a spiritual life!
2. The Christian life also involves the cross – there is no escaping Easter here!
John also records these words of Jesus: 13 No one has ever gone into heaven except the one who came from heaven – the Son of Man. 14 Just as Moses lifted up the snake in the wilderness, so the Son of Man must be lifted up,15 that everyone who believes may have eternal life in him.’
This spiritual life – being born again by the spirit – also involves our being saved from a life of sin and death and being launched into a life in the spirit.
This is also referred to as “eternal life” and it is found in Jesus (verse 15 – “that everyone who believes may have eternal life in him”).
The reference to Moses is interesting here. The Israelites were in trouble – condemned to die because of their sin – which interestingly was not the breaking of the 10 commandments directly, but GRUMBLING. Listen to the account from Numbers 21:
Num 21:4 They traveled from Mount Hor along the route to the Red Sea, to go around Edom. But the people grew impatient on the way; Num 21:5 they spoke against God and against Moses, and said, “Why have you brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? There is no bread! There is no water! And we detest this miserable food!”
Num 21:6 Then the LORD sent venomous snakes among them; they bit the people and many Israelites died. Num 21:7 The people came to Moses and said, “We sinned when we spoke against the LORD and against you. Pray that the LORD will take the snakes away from us.” So Moses prayed for the people.
Num 21:8 The LORD said to Moses, “Make a snake and put it up on a pole; anyone who is bitten can look at it and live.” Num 21:9 So Moses made a bronze snake and put it up on a pole. Then when anyone was bitten by a snake and looked at the bronze snake, they lived.
Grumbling against God and against God’s leaders gets people into trouble! They looked to the bronze serpent – and they were saved from death!
The parallel is clear. The bronze snake was lifted up – just as Moses lifted that symbol up in the wilderness, so to the Son of Man was to be lifted up “15 that everyone who believes may have eternal life in him.”
They confessed their sin and asked for prayer – and Moses prayed for them. “We sinned when we spoke against the LORD and against you. Pray that the LORD will take the snakes away from us.” So Moses prayed for the people. ” (Numbers 21:7.) We too look to the cross – and confess our sin! Well we should.
And of course this story is told to Nicodemus as a warning. One commentator, James Philip, puts it like this:
This was surely one element in Nicodemus’ situation: his was a willing blindness. He did not want to see the truth about the necessity for rebirth, because seeing it would have been at that point much too costly a thing for him. He resisted the truth because his heart was in rebellion against God, as much as the Israelites were. (James Philip was the minister of the Holyrood Abbey Church in Edinburgh, Scotland. He died in 2009. A great pastor-teacher)
That’s a warning to us when we say “oh we don’t need to be born again! We don’t need this Holy Spirit business. We’re just fine!
We need to really seek this fullness of life – the new birth – the fullness of the Spirit – a full understanding of what eternal life is – with our eyes firmly fixed on the cross.
Reading – John 1:1-14
1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
1:2 He was with God in the beginning.
1:3 Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made.
1:4 In him was life, and that life was the light of men.
1:5 The light shines in the darkness, but the darkness has not understood it.
1:6 There came a man who was sent from God; his name was John.
1:7 He came as a witness to testify concerning that light, so that through him all men might believe.
1:8 He himself was not the light; he came only as a witness to the light.
1:9 The true light that gives light to every man was coming into the world.
1:10 He was in the world, and though the world was made through him, the world did not recognize him.
1:11 He came to that which was his own, but his own did not receive him.
1:12 Yet to all who received him, to those who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God—
1:13 children born not of natural descent, nor of human decision or a husband’s will, but born of God.
1:14 The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the One and Only, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth.
Reflection (Following the Nine Lessons and Carols today)
So we’ve heard the story. How people turned from God and the world went haywire. Wrong. Bad. How God called a man called Abraham to be his man and how he had a plan. How God planned to rescue the world and foretold of the coming of a child. How the baby Jesus was born in Bethlehem. How heaven opened – through messages, angels and dreams – and God got the attention of shepherds and stargazers. How King Herod was rattled by this coming King – whom the three magi came to worship and give gifts to. It’s a broad sweep of God’s story of his dealings with people.
And finally we heard this amazing passage from John called the prologue to John’s Gospel.
Both St Augustine and the great preacher Chrysostom are reported as having said: “It is beyond the power of man to speak as John does in his prologue.” John Calvin also wrote of this passage – the prologue or beginning of John’s Gospel, “… it says much more than our minds can take in.” So we look at this passage with some trepidation today.
The story of the Incarnate Word is presented in simple and powerful phrases—” The light shines in the darkness,” “the Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us ,” “full of grace and truth,” “We have seen his glory”, and most significantly: some “did not receive Him,” but others were “born of God.”
John explains that this is all about the WORD of God. Who is this Word of God? No we are not referring to the Bible here, but to Jesus. How Jesus was God – creating all things with God – and how he came bring two things really:
The opposites are
The coming of Jesus is all about counteracting darkness and death with light and life. About the antidote.
And the choice is simple.
- Walk in the light!
- Choose life!
At one level people don’t get it. John writes:
John 1:5 The light shines in the darkness, but the darkness has not understood it. (NIV84)
They could not see it! The also could not recognize him – perhaps because they were looking for the wrong thing. Although this verse can also be translated like this:
(NIV) The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it, which is encouraging when the darkness of evil and sin seems to have an upper hand!
Sadly many rejected what God did. Listen again to verses 10 and 11:
John 1:10 He was in the world, and though the world was made through him, the world did not recognize him. John 1:11 He came to that which was his own, but his own did not receive him.
ON THE PLUS SIDE LISTEN TO THIS
John 1:12 Yet to all who received him, to those who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God—John 1:13 children born not of natural descent, nor of human decision or a husband’s will, but born of God.
The new family of God begins through faith in Jesus
- Believing in Him
- Receiving Him
There is no better time than this time – Christmas – to welcome Jesus into our lives.
“No room in the inn” is not the best response.
“Come Lord – and live in us” – is better.
In me. I receive you and I believe you are who you claim to be. The one though whom we become children of God – born of the spirit – born of God!
Jesus came to introduce us to God again! To help us begin again.
And to bring us into His family! Are you part of the family? Would you like to be?
Someone once said “the benefits are out of this world”. They are also right now!